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What Is a Root Canal?First things first, let's see what root canal is. This term refers to two things. It can appertain to the dental procedure whereby the infected material is removed and toothache is relieved. But it can also relate to the inner part of the tooth that is between the tooth root and pulp. Each root canal contains blood vessels and nerves. Blood vessels deliver various nutrients to both nerves and teeth. As for the tooth's nerves, they have the ability to sense different influencing factors like pressure, heat, and cold. In the event of severe pulp infection and tooth decay, root canal treatment may include nerve removal as a necessary stage of the dental procedure.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Infected Root Canals?As stated above, determining if a tooth requires root canal treatment is often a tricky task. Only qualified, highly experienced dentists can decide on the necessity of a procedure that involves root canal by use of professional methods.
Most Common Root Canal Infection Symptoms
Teeth PainInfected root canals cause acute pain as the inner tooth material is extremely sensitive. In some cases, the root canal infection has a tendency to thrive and give rise to a dental abscess. The tooth pain becomes unbearable and it must be treated promptly. Not all kinds of tooth pain are associated with a root canal, though.Just because you are experiencing strong tooth pain, that doesn't mean that you need a root canal therapy. Sometimes the tooth that requires a root canal doesn't hurt at all. Furthermore, tooth pain can be caused by other dental conditions, such as tooth decay, exposed dentin, periodontal disease, sinus infection, bruxism, and tooth fracture.The key is to determine the location, onset, duration, and character of the pain. It's critical to determine if the pain is dull or sharp and intense. The underlying condition can exist for weeks or even months, causing some kind of ache or discomfort. While most patients are capable of identifying which tooth actually hurts, the pain can be nondescript and vague in some cases.The following are types of pain that often indicate a root canal infection:
- Severe tooth pain when chewing;
- Pain that is so strong that you can't sleep at night.
- A pain that occurs when you're putting pressure on the infected tooth;
- Thermal stimuli pain - for instance, it may happen when you drink cold water right after a hot beverage, or vice versa;
- A spontaneous pain that is either intermittent or continuous;
- A lingering toothache;
- A pulsing toothache.
Gum Tenderness and SwellingSwelling is another associated symptom. It comes in different types and forms. In some cases, it can look normal and is accompanied by gum tenderness. Other times there is a big lump you can easily see or feel. The swelling sometimes expands to the neck or face in extreme cases. It often goes hand in hand with a toothache. Similar to tooth pain, the swelling doesn't always indicate the infected root canals. This makes it difficult to determine the necessity of root canal surgery. Here are some swelling symptoms that may point to root canal infections:
- Swelling that lasts for a long period of time;
- A gum pimple-like boil situated in front of or on the root tip;
- The tooth that feels a bit taller than adjacent teeth;
- A recurring pimple that forms on the gums;
- Pronounced swelling.